FA Basic Training Program |
FA (Fiat G.50) Basic Training Program
Supplement LLv 26 kirj Nr 966/1 12.10.40
FA Basic Training Program
Editor's note: FA is Finnish Air Force tactical code for Fiat G. 50 fighter.
1. Landing exercise; three landings, climb to 1,000 meters between landings.
Limitations: Landing gear and flaps may be extended at 230 km/h speed, no turns. Glide speed
may not drop below 160 km/h.
2. Climb to 5,000 meters, propellor blades set at minimum climb angle. A 2,000 meter dive at 45° angle.
By pushing forward, throttle at minimum, and with high blade angle. Maneuvers at 3,000 meters. Climb
times and speeds marked at every 1,000 meters.
Dive time and end speed. Revs may not exceed
3. Climb to 5,000 meters with propellor at 2,300 rpm. Dive as below, starting at mid-roll. Maneuvers at
4. Climb to 3,000 meters at 210 km/h, propellor set to optimal. Maneuvers at 3,000 meters, slow rolls
starting at 350 km/h. Loops and Immelmanns: speed 350-400 km/h at start. Spin and recovery. Revs may
not exceed 2,500 rpm.
5. Climb to 3,000 meters. Fast 180° lateral turns and combat Immelmanns, speed at turns 300 km/h and at
Immelmanns 400 km/h. Times recorded.
6. Low level combat exercise, altitude 10 meters above ground. Executed as local flight.
7. Dive sharpshooting exercise at ground target.
8. Four air-to-ground exercises, 100 rounds each. Results recorded.
9. Air-to-air attack exercise against target planes. Target doesn't evade. Aggressor pull-off to above and side. Approach from front high, aft high and aft. Altitude difference 500 - 1,000 meters.
10. Attack against target plane, pull-off to below. Approach from front and front-side below. Attack from aft. Altitude difference 500 - 1,000 meters.
11. Patrol flight exercise. Movements in patrol. Changing wing in steep turns, dives and combat Immelmanns.
12. Search exercises in patrol and individually. Attack against target plane. Attention paid to radio range and discerning the target against background. Search by directions given by radio from ground.
10 hours reserved for going through the program. New exercises taken only after an approved execution of the previous.
Continued training program with the FA. Preparation for combat training.
13. Single plane attack exercise. Target and aggressor begin at patrol. Target plane follows set route. Aggressor approaches from front high and aft high. Altitude difference 500 - 1,000 meters. Attention to moment of beginning the attack, aiming style, size of target on aiming ring, pull-off distance and following the target afterwards. Attack from angle that permits firing between the pilot and the engine, in front of the armor.
14. Target plane starts first and flies a random pattern on a 10x10 kilometer area. Altitude 2,000 meters. Aggressor starts 3 minutes later, finds the target, attacks from aft high and pulls off above. Target evades to optimal direction, laterally or below, when aggressor is 200 meters away. Dogfighting not permitted.
15. As above, but aggressor starts first and climbs to 3,000 meters. Target evades above. Aggressor pulls off below.
16. As above, but target evades to any direction.
17. As above, but aggressor attacks from below with a combat Immelmann. Target evades up.
Attack exercises in 2 plane patrol
18. Target and aggressor patrols start simultaneously and climb to set altitude. Target patrol follows set route. Aggressors attack from aft high, pull-off low and side. Target doesn't evade. Attention to central position, target distance, use of throttle and regrouping.
19. Target patrol starts first and follows a random pattern on a 10 x 10 km area, altitude 3,000 meters. Aggressor patrol 5 minutes later, finds the target and attacks. Attention to weather, chance of surprise, sun etc. Target makes slow evasive maneuvers horizontally and vertically.
20. Aggressors start first and climb to 4,000 meters. Targets start 4-5 minutes later and fly randomly on a 10 x 20 km area, at 3,000 meters. Attacks as below. Planes pick different targets. Regular staff practices wing leadership. Attacks as if against a bomber formation with escorts: dive at high speed through fighter cover so that targets are at firing range when their altitude is reached.
Formation combat training
21. Formation flight, 2+2 planes. Movements like with two planes, wingman level or below. Take-off together, landing one by one. Fast taxiing out of the way of landing planes.
22. A target formation, 4 planes, flies on set area, distance between wings 300 meters (acting as bombers), altitude difference 200 meters. Targets start first, aggressors find and attack the targets, each plane at separate target. Pull-off to left and right. Regrouping for a new attack run.
23. Search by radio. Target plane follows an exact, timed route so
that the pilot always knows where the plane is. Aggressors take off separately with 5 minutes interval. Each gets his own mission by radio. Each plane attacks a target they find and return to base.
24. As above but in patrol wings. Aggressors note radio audibility and time of finding a target. Same for targets.
FA Basic Training Program notes from the archives of late Carl-Erik Bruun, transcripted by Göran Bruun.
Material also stored in Sota-arkisto (the Finnish Military Archives).
Copyright Göran Bruun 2004.